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Installing and configuring Oracle 21c using RPM method.

Posted by FatDBA on September 6, 2021

Hi Folks,

I know there are already few posts there explaining how to install Oracle 21c database using RPMs, but this one is to explicate both installing the software and creating a test PDB database after RPM installation using ‘configure’ command.

Alright, so let me first install the oracle-database-preinstall-21c package which will do all pre-work for you.

[root@localhost ~]#
[root@localhost ~]# yum install oracle-database-preinstall-21c.x86_64
BDB2053 Freeing read locks for locker 0x829: 3296/140273180206912
Loaded plugins: langpacks, ulninfo
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package oracle-database-preinstall-21c.x86_64 0:1.0-1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: ksh for package: oracle-database-preinstall-21c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package ksh.x86_64 0:20120801-142.0.1.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

 Package                                            Arch                       Version                                  Repository                      Size
 oracle-database-preinstall-21c                     x86_64                     1.0-1.el7                                ol7_latest                      26 k
Installing for dependencies:
 ksh                                                x86_64                     20120801-142.0.1.el7                     ol7_latest                     882 k

Transaction Summary
Install  1 Package (+1 Dependent package)

Total download size: 908 k
Installed size: 3.2 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7Server/ol7_latest/packages/oracle-database-preinstall-21c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID ec551f03: NOKEY
Public key for oracle-database-preinstall-21c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
(1/2): oracle-database-preinstall-21c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                            |  26 kB  00:00:01
(2/2): ksh-20120801-142.0.1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                            | 882 kB  00:00:02
Total                                                                                                                        350 kB/s | 908 kB  00:00:02
Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle
Importing GPG key 0xEC551F03:
 Userid     : "Oracle OSS group (Open Source Software group) <build@oss.oracle.com>"
 Fingerprint: 4214 4123 fecf c55b 9086 313d 72f9 7b74 ec55 1f03
 Package    : 7:oraclelinux-release-7.7-1.0.5.el7.x86_64 (@anaconda/7.7)
 From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : ksh-20120801-142.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                           1/2
  Installing : oracle-database-preinstall-21c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64                                                                                           2/2
  Verifying  : oracle-database-preinstall-21c-1.0-1.el7.x86_64                                                                                           1/2
  Verifying  : ksh-20120801-142.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                           2/2

  oracle-database-preinstall-21c.x86_64 0:1.0-1.el7

Dependency Installed:
  ksh.x86_64 0:20120801-142.0.1.el7

[root@localhost ~]#

Now when all pre-work is done, time to install the software using RPM package which I’ve downloaded from Oracle’s website.

[root@localhost ~]#
[root@localhost ~]#
[root@localhost ~]# yum -y localinstall  oracle-database-ee-21c-1.0-1.ol7.x86_64.rpm
Loaded plugins: langpacks, ulninfo
Examining oracle-database-ee-21c-1.0-1.ol7.x86_64.rpm: oracle-database-ee-21c-1.0-1.x86_64
Marking oracle-database-ee-21c-1.0-1.ol7.x86_64.rpm to be installed
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package oracle-database-ee-21c.x86_64 0:1.0-1 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

 Package                                  Arch                     Version                  Repository                                                  Size
 oracle-database-ee-21c                   x86_64                   1.0-1                    /oracle-database-ee-21c-1.0-1.ol7.x86_64                   7.1 G

Transaction Summary
Install  1 Package

Total size: 7.1 G
Installed size: 7.1 G
Downloading packages:
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : oracle-database-ee-21c-1.0-1.x86_64                                                                                                       1/1
[INFO] Executing post installation scripts...
[INFO] Oracle home installed successfully and ready to be configured.
To configure a sample Oracle Database you can execute the following service configuration script as root: /etc/init.d/oracledb_ORCLCDB-21c configure
  Verifying  : oracle-database-ee-21c-1.0-1.x86_64                                                                                                       1/1

  oracle-database-ee-21c.x86_64 0:1.0-1

[root@localhost ~]#

Installation of software is finished! Next we will create a test database with name ORCLCDB and a pluggable database with name ORCLPDB1.

[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/oracledb_ORCLCDB-21c configure
Configuring Oracle Database ORCLCDB.
Prepare for db operation
8% complete
Copying database files
31% complete
Creating and starting Oracle instance
32% complete
36% complete
40% complete
43% complete
46% complete
Completing Database Creation
51% complete
54% complete
Creating Pluggable Databases
58% complete
77% complete
Executing Post Configuration Actions
100% complete
Database creation complete. For details check the logfiles at:
Database Information:
Global Database Name:ORCLCDB
System Identifier(SID):ORCLCDB
Look at the log file "/opt/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ORCLCDB/ORCLCDB.log" for further details.

Database configuration completed successfully. The passwords were auto generated, you must change them by connecting to the database using 'sqlplus / as sysdba' as the oracle user.
[root@localhost ~]#

Okay, its all set. Lets connect with the CDB and the pluggable database that we’ve created above.

[oracle@localhost ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release - Production on Thu Sep 2 12:03:22 2021

Copyright (c) 1982, 2021, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to:
Oracle Database 21c Enterprise Edition Release - Production

SQL> alter session set container = ORCLPDB1;

Session altered.

SQL> show con_name


Hope It Helped!
Prashant Dixit

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