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Upgrade PostgreSQL from 9.4 to 9.6 on RHEL 7

Posted by FatDBA on September 3, 2018

Hi Mates,

Every other day while doing this POC (Data migrations between Oracle and PostgreSQL), i am facing regular challenges (But i like them ;)) , this time related with the application and database support. Project team asked us to upgrade the database to at-least 9.6 (Though we have 10 in the marked as well but i guess not yet ready for Prod’s).

Its good to update you that you can run various versions of PostgreSQL at the same time but as per the ask we have this test DB running on version 9.4 and would be upgraded to 9.6. So, before i start with the steps, lets quickly look and collect details about all objects till now created on the database as this will be used to TVT testings later on.

Okay, so we are running on PostgreSQL 9.4.19 have created few sample/test databases with tables, indexes, tablespaces created.

Environment:
Server: RHEL 7 64 Bit
Upgrade: From 9.4.19 to 9.6.10

Pre Checks:


-bash-4.2$ uname -ar
Linux fatdba.localdomain 3.10.0-514.21.1.el7.x86_64 #1 SMP Thu May 25 16:26:01 PDT 2017 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
-bash-4.2$

postgres=# select version();
                                                    version
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 PostgreSQL 9.4.19 on x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu, compiled by gcc (GCC) 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-28), 64-bit
(1 row)


elephant=# select datname from pg_database;
  datname
-----------
 template1
 template0
 postgres
 elephant
 dixitdb
(5 rows)

elephant=# \c postgres
You are now connected to database "postgres" as user "postgres".
postgres=# \dt+
                         List of relations
 Schema |    Name    | Type  |  Owner   |    Size    | Description
--------+------------+-------+----------+------------+-------------
 public | alee       | table | postgres | 128 kB     |
 public | events     | table | postgres | 8192 bytes |
 public | large_test | table | postgres | 995 MB     |
(3 rows)

postgres=#

Step 1: Download the required package from PostgreSQL official website (Link: https://www.postgresql.org/download/linux/redhat/), here you will find the latest repository RPM for your OS and the latest PG versions.


[root@fatdba ~]#
[root@fatdba ~]# yum install https://download.postgresql.org/pub/repos/yum/9.6/redhat/rhel-7-x86_64/pgdg-redhat96-9.6-3.noarch.rpm
Loaded plugins: langpacks, ulninfo
pgdg-redhat96-9.6-3.noarch.rpm                                                                                                                                        | 4.7 kB  00:00:00
Examining /var/tmp/yum-root-fEvD8A/pgdg-redhat96-9.6-3.noarch.rpm: pgdg-redhat96-9.6-3.noarch
Marking /var/tmp/yum-root-fEvD8A/pgdg-redhat96-9.6-3.noarch.rpm to be installed
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package pgdg-redhat96.noarch 0:9.6-3 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
cassandra/signature                                                                                                                                                   |  833 B  00:00:00
cassandra/signature                                                                                                                                                   | 2.9 kB  00:00:00 !!!
mongodb-org-3.4/7Server                                                                                                                                               | 2.5 kB  00:00:00
ol7_UEKR4/x86_64                                                                                                                                                      | 1.2 kB  00:00:00
ol7_addons/x86_64                                                                                                                                                     | 1.2 kB  00:00:00
ol7_latest/x86_64                                                                                                                                                     | 1.4 kB  00:00:00
pgdg94/7Server/x86_64                                                                                                                                                 | 4.1 kB  00:00:00

Dependencies Resolved

=============================================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                      Arch                                  Version                                 Repository                                                  Size
=============================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 pgdg-redhat96                                noarch                                9.6-3                                   /pgdg-redhat96-9.6-3.noarch                                2.7 k

Transaction Summary
=============================================================================================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package

Total size: 2.7 k
Installed size: 2.7 k
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : pgdg-redhat96-9.6-3.noarch                                                                                                                                                1/1
  Verifying  : pgdg-redhat96-9.6-3.noarch                                                                                                                                                1/1

Installed:
  pgdg-redhat96.noarch 0:9.6-3

Complete!
[root@fatdba ~]#



[root@fatdba ~]#
[root@fatdba ~]# yum install postgresql96
Loaded plugins: langpacks, ulninfo
pgdg96                                                                                                                                                                | 4.1 kB  00:00:00
(1/2): pgdg96/7Server/x86_64/group_gz                                                                                                                                 |  249 B  00:00:01
(2/2): pgdg96/7Server/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                                                               | 197 kB  00:00:01
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package postgresql96.x86_64 0:9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: postgresql96-libs(x86-64) = 9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7 for package: postgresql96-9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package postgresql96-libs.x86_64 0:9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=============================================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                           Arch                                   Version                                               Repository                              Size
=============================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 postgresql96                                      x86_64                                 9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7                                    pgdg96                                 1.4 M
Installing for dependencies:
 postgresql96-libs                                 x86_64                                 9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7                                    pgdg96                                 318 k

Transaction Summary
=============================================================================================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package (+1 Dependent package)

Total download size: 1.7 M
Installed size: 8.7 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
(1/2): postgresql96-libs-9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                | 318 kB  00:00:07
(2/2): postgresql96-9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                     | 1.4 MB  00:00:10
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                                                        169 kB/s | 1.7 MB  00:00:10
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : postgresql96-libs-9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64                                                                                                                               1/2
  Installing : postgresql96-9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64                                                                                                                                    2/2
  Verifying  : postgresql96-libs-9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64                                                                                                                               1/2
  Verifying  : postgresql96-9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64                                                                                                                                    2/2

Installed:
  postgresql96.x86_64 0:9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7

Dependency Installed:
  postgresql96-libs.x86_64 0:9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7

Complete!
[root@fatdba ~]#



[root@fatdba ~]# yum install postgresql96-server
Loaded plugins: langpacks, ulninfo
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package postgresql96-server.x86_64 0:9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=============================================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                             Arch                                   Version                                             Repository                              Size
=============================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 postgresql96-server                                 x86_64                                 9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7                                  pgdg96                                 4.5 M

Transaction Summary
=============================================================================================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package

Total download size: 4.5 M
Installed size: 19 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
postgresql96-server-9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                     | 4.5 MB  00:00:11
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : postgresql96-server-9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64                                                                                                                             1/1
  Verifying  : postgresql96-server-9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64                                                                                                                             1/1

Installed:
  postgresql96-server.x86_64 0:9.6.10-1PGDG.rhel7

Complete!
[root@fatdba ~]#


Step 2: Create the new PostgreSQL directory. This you can do this by calling the initdb (Initialize DB) with setup shell present under new installed directory for 9.6


[root@fatdba ~]#
[root@fatdba ~]# /usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/postgresql96-setup initdb
Initializing database ... OK

[root@fatdba ~]#
[root@fatdba ~]#
[root@fatdba ~]#
[root@fatdba ~]# cd /var/lib/pgsql
[root@fatdba pgsql]# ls -lthr
total 0
drwxrwxrwx 4 postgres postgres 48 Sep  3 04:39 9.4
drwx------ 3 postgres postgres 29 Sep  3 04:44 tbs
drwx------ 3 postgres postgres 29 Sep  3 20:31 tbs1
drwx------ 4 postgres postgres 48 Sep  3 20:40 9.6
[root@fatdba pgsql]# su - postgres
Last login: Mon Sep  3 20:24:34 IST 2018 on pts/3
-bash-4.2$

Step 3: Before you go with real upgrade steps, its always best and advised to see if its all set and ready for the upgrade. This is one of the most important per-requsites to check the abilities.
Below at the end of the check run it says ‘Cluster is Compatible’ and this is good enough to say that the system is all set for the upgrade.


-bash-4.2$ /usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/pg_upgrade --old-bindir=/usr/pgsql-9.4/bin/ --new-bindir=/usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/ --old-datadir=/var/lib/pgsql/9.4/data/ --new-datadir=/var/lib/pgsql/9.6/data/ --check

*failure*
Consult the last few lines of "pg_upgrade_server.log" for
the probable cause of the failure.
Performing Consistency Checks on Old Live Server
------------------------------------------------
Checking cluster versions                                   ok
Checking database user is the install user                  ok
Checking database connection settings                       ok
Checking for prepared transactions                          ok
Checking for reg* system OID user data types                ok
Checking for contrib/isn with bigint-passing mismatch       ok
Checking for roles starting with 'pg_'                      ok
Checking for presence of required libraries                 ok
Checking database user is the install user                  ok
Checking for prepared transactions                          ok

*Clusters are compatible*
-bash-4.2$


Step 4: Till this time the older version is still running, so before we do the original upgrade steps that needs to be stopped.


-bash-4.2$ ps -ef|grep post
root       1378      1  0 20:04 ?        00:00:00 /usr/libexec/postfix/master -w
postfix    1380   1378  0 20:04 ?        00:00:00 qmgr -l -t unix -u
postgres   3381      1  0 20:10 ?        00:00:00 /usr/pgsql-9.4/bin/postgres -D /var/lib/pgsql/9.4/data
postgres   3382   3381  0 20:10 ?        00:00:00 postgres: logger process
postgres   3384   3381  0 20:10 ?        00:00:01 postgres: checkpointer process
postgres   3385   3381  0 20:10 ?        00:00:00 postgres: writer process
postgres   3386   3381  0 20:10 ?        00:00:01 postgres: wal writer process
postgres   3387   3381  0 20:10 ?        00:00:00 postgres: autovacuum launcher process
postgres   3388   3381  0 20:10 ?        00:00:00 postgres: stats collector process


-bash-4.2$ su - root
Password:
Last login: Mon Sep  3 20:42:59 IST 2018 from 192.168.40.1 on pts/4
[root@fatdba ~]#
[root@fatdba ~]#
[root@fatdba ~]# service postgresql-9.4 stop
Redirecting to /bin/systemctl stop  postgresql-9.4.service
[root@fatdba ~]#
[root@fatdba ~]# service postgresql-9.4 status
Redirecting to /bin/systemctl status  postgresql-9.4.service
● postgresql-9.4.service - PostgreSQL 9.4 database server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/postgresql-9.4.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: inactive (dead) since Mon 2018-09-03 20:44:59 IST; 5s ago
     Docs: https://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.4/static/
  Process: 4924 ExecStop=/usr/pgsql-9.4/bin/pg_ctl stop -D ${PGDATA} -s -m fast (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 3381 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)

Sep 03 04:40:02 fatdba.localdomain systemd[1]: Starting PostgreSQL 9.4 database server...
Sep 03 04:40:02 fatdba.localdomain pg_ctl[3377]: LOG:  redirecting log output to logging collector process
Sep 03 04:40:02 fatdba.localdomain pg_ctl[3377]: HINT:  Future log output will appear in directory "pg_log".
Sep 03 04:40:03 fatdba.localdomain systemd[1]: Started PostgreSQL 9.4 database server.
Sep 03 20:44:58 fatdba.localdomain systemd[1]: Stopping PostgreSQL 9.4 database server...
Sep 03 20:44:59 fatdba.localdomain systemd[1]: Stopped PostgreSQL 9.4 database server.
[root@fatdba ~]#

[root@fatdba ~]# ps -ef|grep post
root       1378      1  0 20:04 ?        00:00:00 /usr/libexec/postfix/master -w
postfix    1380   1378  0 20:04 ?        00:00:00 qmgr -l -t unix -u
postfix    4113   1378  0 20:24 ?        00:00:00 pickup -l -t unix -u
postgres   4835   4708  0 20:43 pts/4    00:00:00 tail -200f pg_upgrade_server.log
root       4938   4864  0 20:45 pts/3    00:00:00 grep --color=auto post


Step 5: Let’s upgrade the database now. The upgrade took around ~ 5 minutes for a 5 GB database.


-bash-4.2$ /usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/pg_upgrade --old-bindir=/usr/pgsql-9.4/bin/ --new-bindir=/usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/ --old-datadir=/var/lib/pgsql/9.4/data/ --new-datadir=/var/lib/pgsql/9.6/data/
Performing Consistency Checks
-----------------------------
Checking cluster versions                                   ok
Checking database user is the install user                  ok
Checking database connection settings                       ok
Checking for prepared transactions                          ok
Checking for reg* system OID user data types                ok
Checking for contrib/isn with bigint-passing mismatch       ok
Checking for roles starting with 'pg_'                      ok
Creating dump of global objects                             ok
Creating dump of database schemas
                                                            ok
Checking for presence of required libraries                 ok
Checking database user is the install user                  ok
Checking for prepared transactions                          ok

If pg_upgrade fails after this point, you must re-initdb the
new cluster before continuing.

Performing Upgrade
------------------
Analyzing all rows in the new cluster                       ok
Freezing all rows on the new cluster                        ok
Deleting files from new pg_clog                             ok
Copying old pg_clog to new server                           ok
Setting next transaction ID and epoch for new cluster       ok
Deleting files from new pg_multixact/offsets                ok
Copying old pg_multixact/offsets to new server              ok
Deleting files from new pg_multixact/members                ok
Copying old pg_multixact/members to new server              ok
Setting next multixact ID and offset for new cluster        ok
Resetting WAL archives                                      ok
Setting frozenxid and minmxid counters in new cluster       ok
Restoring global objects in the new cluster                 ok
Restoring database schemas in the new cluster
                                                            ok
Copying user relation files
                                                            ok
Setting next OID for new cluster                            ok
Sync data directory to disk                                 ok
Creating script to analyze new cluster                      ok
Creating script to delete old cluster                       ok

Upgrade Complete
----------------
Optimizer statistics are not transferred by pg_upgrade so,
once you start the new server, consider running:
    ./analyze_new_cluster.sh

Running this script will delete the old cluster's data files:
    ./delete_old_cluster.sh
-bash-4.2$
-bash-4.2$

Its always good to put a TAIL on server upgrade logs.


-bash-4.2$ ls -ltrh
total 12K
drwxrwxrwx 4 postgres postgres   48 Sep  3 04:39 9.4
drwx------ 3 postgres postgres   29 Sep  3 04:44 tbs
drwx------ 3 postgres postgres   29 Sep  3 20:31 tbs1
drwx------ 4 postgres postgres   48 Sep  3 20:40 9.6
-rw------- 1 postgres postgres  179 Sep  3 20:43 pg_upgrade_utility.log
-rw------- 1 postgres postgres 1.1K Sep  3 20:43 pg_upgrade_internal.log
-rw------- 1 postgres postgres 1.6K Sep  3 20:43 pg_upgrade_server.log


-----------------------------------------------------------------
  pg_upgrade run on Mon Sep  3 20:46:48 2018
-----------------------------------------------------------------

command: "/usr/pgsql-9.4/bin/pg_ctl" -w -l "pg_upgrade_server.log" -D "/var/lib/pgsql/9.4/data/" -o "-p 50432 -b  -c listen_addresses='' -c unix_socket_permissions=0700 -c unix_socket_directories='/var/lib/pgsql'" start >> "pg_upgrade_server.log" 2>&1
waiting for server to start....LOG:  redirecting log output to logging collector process
HINT:  Future log output will appear in directory "pg_log".
 done
server started


command: "/usr/pgsql-9.4/bin/pg_ctl" -w -D "/var/lib/pgsql/9.4/data/" -o "" -m smart stop >> "pg_upgrade_server.log" 2>&1
waiting for server to shut down.... done
server stopped


command: "/usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/pg_ctl" -w -l "pg_upgrade_server.log" -D "/var/lib/pgsql/9.6/data/" -o "-p 50432 -b -c synchronous_commit=off -c fsync=off -c full_page_writes=off  -c listen_addresses='' -c unix_socket_permissions=0700 -c unix_socket_directories='/var/lib/pgsql'" start >> "pg_upgrade_server.log" 2>&1
waiting for server to start.... LOG:  redirecting log output to logging collector process
 HINT:  Future log output will appear in directory "pg_log".
 done
server started


command: "/usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/pg_ctl" -w -D "/var/lib/pgsql/9.6/data/" -o "" -m smart stop >> "pg_upgrade_server.log" 2>&1
waiting for server to shut down.... done
server stopped


command: "/usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/pg_ctl" -w -l "pg_upgrade_server.log" -D "/var/lib/pgsql/9.6/data/" -o "-p 50432 -b -c synchronous_commit=off -c fsync=off -c full_page_writes=off  -c listen_addresses='' -c unix_socket_permissions=0700 -c unix_socket_directories='/var/lib/pgsql'" start >> "pg_upgrade_server.log" 2>&1
waiting for server to start.... LOG:  redirecting log output to logging collector process
 HINT:  Future log output will appear in directory "pg_log".
 done
server started


command: "/usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/pg_ctl" -w -D "/var/lib/pgsql/9.6/data/" -o "" -m smart stop >> "pg_upgrade_server.log" 2>&1
waiting for server to shut down.... done
server stopped


command: "/usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/pg_ctl" -w -l "pg_upgrade_server.log" -D "/var/lib/pgsql/9.6/data/" -o "-p 50432 -b -c synchronous_commit=off -c fsync=off -c full_page_writes=off  -c listen_addresses='' -c unix_socket_permissions=0700 -c unix_socket_directories='/var/lib/pgsql'" start >> "pg_upgrade_server.log" 2>&1
waiting for server to start.... LOG:  redirecting log output to logging collector process
 HINT:  Future log output will appear in directory "pg_log".
 done
server started


command: "/usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/pg_ctl" -w -D "/var/lib/pgsql/9.6/data/" -o "" -m smart stop >> "pg_upgrade_server.log" 2>&1
waiting for server to shut down.... done
server stopped

Step 6: Once the upgrade is done, we have to start & enable the new postgreSQL service.
Okay so below we can see the postmaster and its associated background processes started from new version (9.6) and are accessing the right data directory.

Note: Before you start the new service, always make sure you have all required values set in new parameter or configuration files, moved from old database to the new. For example listen_addresses and max_connections of postgresql.conf or any specific settings related with authorization defied on pg_hba.conf files.


[root@fatdba ~]# service postgresql-9.6 start
Redirecting to /bin/systemctl start  postgresql-9.6.service
[root@fatdba ~]#
[root@fatdba ~]# ps -ef|grep post
root       1378      1  0 20:04 ?        00:00:00 /usr/libexec/postfix/master -w
postfix    1380   1378  0 20:04 ?        00:00:00 qmgr -l -t unix -u
postgres   5298      1  0 20:48 ?        00:00:00 /usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/postmaster -D /var/lib/pgsql/9.6/data/
postgres   5301   5298  0 20:48 ?        00:00:00 postgres: logger process
postgres   5303   5298  0 20:48 ?        00:00:00 postgres: checkpointer process
postgres   5304   5298  0 20:48 ?        00:00:00 postgres: writer process
postgres   5305   5298  0 20:48 ?        00:00:00 postgres: wal writer process
postgres   5306   5298  0 20:48 ?        00:00:00 postgres: autovacuum launcher process
postgres   5307   5298  0 20:48 ?        00:00:00 postgres: stats collector process
root       5309   5228  0 20:48 pts/3    00:00:00 grep --color=auto post
[root@fatdba ~]#

[root@fatdba ~]#
[root@fatdba ~]# systemctl enable postgresql-9.6
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/postgresql-9.6.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/postgresql-9.6.service.
[root@fatdba ~]#

Postchecks:
The upgrade script creates two new scripts under parent directory, analyze_new_cluster.sh and delete_old_cluster.sh, its good to run analyze_new_cluster.sh which performs the vaccuming or collects stats for objects and is a must in big production setups.


-bash-4.2$ ls -ltrh
total 8.0K
drwxrwxrwx 4 postgres postgres  48 Sep  3 04:39 9.4
drwx------ 4 postgres postgres  48 Sep  3 20:40 9.6
drwx------ 4 postgres postgres  52 Sep  3 20:46 tbs1
drwx------ 4 postgres postgres  52 Sep  3 20:46 tbs
-rwx------ 1 postgres postgres 135 Sep  3 20:47 delete_old_cluster.sh
-rwx------ 1 postgres postgres 755 Sep  3 20:47 analyze_new_cluster.sh

-bash-4.2$ ./analyze_new_cluster.sh
This script will generate minimal optimizer statistics rapidly
so your system is usable, and then gather statistics twice more
with increasing accuracy.  When it is done, your system will
have the default level of optimizer statistics.

If you have used ALTER TABLE to modify the statistics target for
any tables, you might want to remove them and restore them after
running this script because they will delay fast statistics generation.

If you would like default statistics as quickly as possible, cancel
this script and run:
    "/usr/pgsql-9.6/bin/vacuumdb" --all --analyze-only

vacuumdb: processing database "dixitdb": Generating minimal optimizer statistics (1 target)
vacuumdb: processing database "elephant": Generating minimal optimizer statistics (1 target)
vacuumdb: processing database "postgres": Generating minimal optimizer statistics (1 target)
vacuumdb: processing database "template1": Generating minimal optimizer statistics (1 target)
vacuumdb: processing database "dixitdb": Generating medium optimizer statistics (10 targets)
vacuumdb: processing database "elephant": Generating medium optimizer statistics (10 targets)
vacuumdb: processing database "postgres": Generating medium optimizer statistics (10 targets)
vacuumdb: processing database "template1": Generating medium optimizer statistics (10 targets)
vacuumdb: processing database "dixitdb": Generating default (full) optimizer statistics
vacuumdb: processing database "elephant": Generating default (full) optimizer statistics
vacuumdb: processing database "postgres": Generating default (full) optimizer statistics
vacuumdb: processing database "template1": Generating default (full) optimizer statistics

Done
-bash-4.2$

Post Verification or Sanity Tests.


-bash-4.2$
-bash-4.2$ psql -d elephant -U postgres
psql (9.6.10)
Type "help" for help.

elephant=#
elephant=# select version();
                                                  version
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 PostgreSQL 9.6.10 on x86_64-pc-linux-gnu, compiled by gcc (GCC) 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-28), 64-bit
(1 row)

elephant=#
elephant=# \d+
                     List of relations
 Schema |  Name  | Type  |  Owner   |  Size   | Description
--------+--------+-------+----------+---------+-------------
 public | serbia | table | postgres | 5120 kB |
(1 row)

elephant=# \dt+
                     List of relations
 Schema |  Name  | Type  |  Owner   |  Size   | Description
--------+--------+-------+----------+---------+-------------
 public | serbia | table | postgres | 5120 kB |
(1 row)

elephant=#
elephant=#
elephant=# \c postgres
You are now connected to database "postgres" as user "postgres".
postgres=#
postgres=#
postgres=# \dt+
                         List of relations
 Schema |    Name    | Type  |  Owner   |    Size    | Description
--------+------------+-------+----------+------------+-------------
 public | alee       | table | postgres | 128 kB     |
 public | events     | table | postgres | 8192 bytes |
 public | large_test | table | postgres | 995 MB     |
(3 rows)

postgres=#
postgres=#
postgres=# \q

Okay we are all good and no corruption, loss is noticied and we can consider this upgrade as SUCCESSFULL.
Now if required we can go and delete the old database (Postgres calls it a Cluster).


-bash-4.2$
-bash-4.2$ ./delete_old_cluster.sh

Hope It Helps
Prashant Dixit

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