Tales From A Lazy Fat DBA

Its all about Databases & their performance, troubleshooting & much more …. ¯\_(ツ)_/¯

A stubborn after upgrade issue, and how I handled it!

Posted by FatDBA on February 16, 2022

Writing this one from the misty mountains .. 🙂

Recently I had to part-time support a system where customer reported slowness issues with few of the critical SQLs which uses few IN-Memory tables and were impacted exactly since they moved from Oracle 12.1 to 12.2. We tried few things but none of them worked, and with that I started suspecting if the change in CBO version from 12.1 to 12.2 the reason behind those problems with SQLs.

So, today’s post will give you some idea about such scenarios when you’re not sure about the things that broke the performance after the upgrade, and you have to do the try and error approach to find out the cause. So, I decided to give it a try with one of those SQLs to set the OFE (Optimizer Feature Enable) to earlier DB version 12.1 and verify query performance. So I started my test with the optimizer_features_enable parameter to set it to the older version.

SQL> alter session set optimizer_features_enable='12.1.0.2';

And the query ran fine, At this stage we had some sort of understanding of the problem as it was clear that some changes in 12.2 that has trigger this problem. But now I have to identify among all those hidden/underscore parameters and fix control’s that one final parameter which is influencing the optimizer for that odd behavior. So, I started something like this …
We extract all the fixes and underscore parameters introduced in oracle 12.2 and I started with the hidden Parameters followed by Fix Control settings in 12.2.0.1 Optimizer environment to come to 12.1.0.2 OFE level

-- Hidden parameters added into Oracle version 12.2 
-- Setting them back to Oracle version 12.1 
alter session set "_optimizer_undo_cost_change"="12.1.0.2";
alter session set "_optimizer_cbqt_or_expansion"=off;
alter session set "_optimizer_ads_use_partial_results"=false;
alter session set "_query_rewrite_use_on_query_computation"=false;
alter session set "_px_scalable_invdist_mcol"=false;
alter session set "_optimizer_eliminate_subquery"=false;
alter session set "_sqlexec_hash_based_distagg_ssf_enabled"=false;
alter session set "_optimizer_union_all_gsets"=false;
alter session set "_optimizer_enhanced_join_elimination"=false;
alter session set "_optimizer_multicol_join_elimination"=false;
alter session set "_key_vector_create_pushdown_threshold"=0;
alter session set "_optimizer_enable_plsql_stats"=false;
alter session set "_recursive_with_parallel"=false;
alter session set "_recursive_with_branch_iterations"=1;
alter session set "_px_dist_agg_partial_rollup_pushdown"=off;
alter session set "_optimizer_key_vector_pruning_enabled"=false;
alter session set "_pwise_distinct_enabled"=false;
alter session set "_vector_encoding_mode"=off;
alter session set "_ds_xt_split_count"=0;
alter session set "_ds_sampling_method"=NO_QUALITY_METRIC;
alter session set "_optimizer_ads_use_spd_cache"=false;
alter session set "_optimizer_use_table_scanrate"=OFF;
alter session set "_optimizer_use_xt_rowid"=false;
alter session set "_xt_sampling_scan_granules"=off;
alter session set "_optimizer_band_join_aware"=false;
alter session set "_optimizer_vector_base_dim_fact_factor"=0;
alter session set "_ds_enable_view_sampling"=false;
alter session set "_optimizer_inmemory_use_stored_stats"=NEVER;
alter session set "_mv_access_compute_fresh_data"=off;
alter session set "_bloom_filter_ratio"=30;
alter session set "_optimizer_control_shard_qry_processing"=65535;
alter session set "_optimizer_interleave_or_expansion"=false;

Placed all above underscore parameters with the query and ran it again and observed the benefits (make sure to flush the previous plans from the shared pool). In my case this actually worked, but question was which underscore parameter helped. Do same with all fixes (controls).

-- Fix Controls added in Oracle version 12.2 
-- Setting them back to Oracle version 12.1 
alter session set "_fix_control"="16515789:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="17491018:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="17986549:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18115594:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18182018:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18302923:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18377553:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="5677419:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18134680:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18636079:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18415557:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18385778:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18308329:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="17973658:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18558952:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18874242:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18765574:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18952882:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18924221:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18422714:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18798414:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18969167:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19055664:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18898582:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18960760:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19070454:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19230097:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19063497:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19046459:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19269482:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18876528:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19227996:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18864613:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19239478:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19451895:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18907390:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19025959:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="16774698:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19475484:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19287919:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19386746:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19774486:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18671960:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19484911:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19731940:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19604408:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="14402409:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="16486095:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19563657:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19632232:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19889960:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="17208933:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19710102:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18697515:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18318631:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20078639:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19503668:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20124288:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19847091:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="12618642:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19779920:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20186282:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20186295:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20265690:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="16047938:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19507904:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18915345:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20329321:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20225191:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18776755:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19882842:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20010996:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20379571:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20129763:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19899588:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="10098852:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19663421:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20465582:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="16732417:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20732410:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20289688:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20543684:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20506136:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20830312:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19768896:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19814541:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="17443547:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19123152:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19899833:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20754928:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20808265:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20808192:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20340595:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="18949550:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="14775297:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="17497847:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20232513:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20587527:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19186783:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="19653920:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21211786:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21057343:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21503478:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21476032:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20859246:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21639419:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20951803:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21683982:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20216500:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20906162:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20854798:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21509656:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21833220:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21802552:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21452843:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21800590:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21273039:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="16750133:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22013607:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22152372:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22077191:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22123025:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="16913734:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="8357294:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21979983:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22158526:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21971099:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22090662:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21300129:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21339278:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20270511:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21424812:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22114090:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22159570:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22272439:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22372694:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22514195:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22520315:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22649054:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="8617254:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22020067:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22864730:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21099502:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22904304:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22967807:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22879002:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="23019286:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22760704:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="20853506:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22513493:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22518491:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="23103096:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22143411:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="23180670:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="23002609:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="23210039:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="23102649:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="23071621:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="23136865:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="23176721:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="23223113:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22258300:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22205301:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="23556483:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="21305617:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22533539:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="23596611:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="22937293:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="23565188:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="24654471:0";
alter session set "_fix_control"="24845754:0";
ALTER session set "_fix_control"='5483301:OFF;

In my case none of fix control gives any benefits. This was now clear there was some feature in 12.2 which when disabled in the form of underscore parameter helped to get us back to previous state. But the problem is, they are total 32 different parameters, so I thought to divide the parameter list into half and execute the query after setting first half parameters and see if I get the correct result, if not then tried again setting next half parameter list and executed the query.
And with that trial and error approach, I was able to reach that one parameter which caused issues with those set of SQLs. It was ‘_optimizer_inmemory_use_stored_stats‘ which was causing issues with those IN-Memory tables references by those SQLs, as the optimizer NEVER uses the stored statistics for in-memory tables in 12.1, but the same parameter in 12.2 is with default value of AUTO and that causes the issue.

Hope It Helped!
Prashant Dixit

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